Physics of Radiology

Physics of Radiology

Author:  Anthony B. Wolbarst
ISBN:  9780944838952
Published:  1993 | 461 pp. | Hardcover


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

On the Structure of the Book

I. Introduction
            1. Sketches of the Imaging Modalities
            2. An Introduction to Radiography

II. Scientific Foundation

Part 1. Energy and Matter
            3. Motion and Force
                   Appendix 3-1. Keeping Track of How Things Change: A Brief Review of Functions and Graphs
           4. Electric and Magnetic Fields and Electromagnetic Waves
           5. Energy
           6. Atoms and Photons
           7. The Modern Theory of Matter

Part 2. Production of X-rays

           8. Resistors, Transistors, and all that: The Components of an X-Ray Tube Circuit
            9. The Nuts and Bolts of Generators
           10. X-ray Tubes
           11. The X-ray Beam

Part 3. Interaction of X-rays with Matter

            12. X-ray Interaction Mechanisms
            13. The Linear and Mass Attenuation Coefficients
                  Appendix 13-1. Some Useful Ideas about Probability
            14. Dependence of Attenuation on Atomic Number and Photon Energy
                  Appendix 14-1. Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
            15. Attenuation of the X-ray Beam in the Patient's Body
            16. Detecting Ionizing Radiation
            17. Mapping Exposure on Film

III. Analog X-ray Imaging

Part 4. The Formation of a Radiographic Image
          18. Contrast, Resolution, and Noise: Determinants of the Diagnostic Utility of an Image
                 Appendix 18-1. Some Useful Ideas from Statistics
           19. Screen-Film Radiography I: The Primary X-ray Image
           20. Screen-Film Radiography II: Scatter Radiation and Grids
           21. Screen-Film Radiography III: Films and Screens
           23. Screen-Film Radiography V: Optimal Technique Factors
           24. The Modulation Transfer Function and Other Measures of Imaging System Capabilities
                  Appendix 24-1. Waves in time and space: The Sine Function

Part 5: Other Analog X-ray Imaging Modalities

           25. Mammography
           26. Other Special Screen-Film Techniques
           27. Fluoroscopy
           28. Fluoroscopic Television
           29. Screen-Film and Fluoroscopic Quality Assurance and Radiation Safety
                 Appendix 29-1. An Aside on Purchasing Equipment

Part 6. Dose, Biologic Effects, and Radiation Protection
            30. Exposure and Tissue Dose
            31. Determining the Dose within a Body
            32. Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Tissue
                  Appendix 32-1. Cell Killing with High Linear Energy Transfer Radiation
            33. Carcinogenesis and Other Radiation Hazards
            34. Rems, Risks, and Regs: The Formal Basis for Radiation Protection Standards

IV. Digital Imaging

Part 7. Digital X-ray Imaging Modalities
           35. Digital Representation of an Image, and a Bit about Computers
           36. Digital Angiography and Radiography
           37. Computed Tomography I: Creating a Map of CT Numbers
           38. Computed Tomography II: Hardware and Image Quality

Part 8. Gamma Ray Imaging
            39. Nuclear Medicine I: Radiopharmaceuticals
                  Appendix 39-1. The Exponential Decay of Radioneuclide Activity
            40. Nuclear Medicine II: Imaging

Part 9. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
            41. Magnetic Resonance I: The Quantum View of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
            42. Magnetic Resonance II: The Classical View of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance          
            43. Magnetic Resonance III: Relaxation Times (T1 and T2), Pulse Sequences, and Image Contrast
           44. Magnetic Resonance IV: Imaging

Part 10. Ultrasound Imaging
            45. Ultrasound I: Ultrasound in Tissues
            46. Ultrasound II: Creating the Ultrasound Beam
            47. Ultrasound III: Imaging

Part 11. Computer-Based Image Handling Networks
             48. PACS, IMACS, and the Totally Digital Department

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

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